Robots exclusion application for Django, complementing Sitemaps.
The robots exclusion application consists of two database models which are tied together with a m2m relationship:
Use your favorite Python installer to install it from PyPI:
pip install django-robots
Or get the source from the application site at:
To install the sitemap app, then follow these steps:
- Add 'robots' to your INSTALLED_APPS setting.
- Make sure 'django.template.loaders.app_directories.Loader' is in your TEMPLATE_LOADERS setting. It’s in there by default, so you’ll only need to change this if you’ve changed that setting.
- Make sure you’ve installed the sites framework.
- Run the syncdb or migrate management command (depening if you’re using South or not)
By default a Sitemap statement is automatically added to the resulting robots.txt by reverse matching the URL of the installed Sitemap contrib app. This is especially useful if you allow every robot to access your whole site, since it then gets URLs explicitly instead of searching every link.
To change the default behaviour to omit the inclusion of a sitemap link, change the ROBOTS_USE_SITEMAP setting in your Django settings file to:
ROBOTS_USE_SITEMAP = False
In case you want to use specific sitemap URLs instead of the one that is automatically discovered, change the ROBOTS_SITEMAP_URLS setting to:
ROBOTS_SITEMAP_URLS = [ 'http://www.example.com/sitemap.xml', ]
To activate robots.txt generation on your Django site, add this line to your URLconf:
This tells Django to build a robots.txt when a robot accesses /robots.txt. Then, please sync your database to create the necessary tables and create Rule objects in the admin interface or via the shell.
Rule - defines an abstract rule which is used to respond to crawling web robots, using the robots exclusion protocol, a.k.a. robots.txt.
You can link multiple URL pattern to allows or disallows the robot identified by its user agent to access the given URLs.
The crawl delay field is supported by some search engines and defines the delay between successive crawler accesses in seconds. If the crawler rate is a problem for your server, you can set the delay up to 5 or 10 or a comfortable value for your server, but it’s suggested to start with small values (0.5-1), and increase as needed to an acceptable value for your server. Larger delay values add more delay between successive crawl accesses and decrease the maximum crawl rate to your web server.
The sites framework is used to enable multiple robots.txt per Django instance. If no rule exists it automatically allows every web robot access to every URL.
Please have a look at the database of web robots for a full list of existing web robots user agent strings.
Url - defines a case-sensitive and exact URL pattern which is used to allow or disallow the access for web robots. Case-sensitive.
A missing trailing slash does also match files which start with the name of the given pattern, e.g., '/admin' matches /admin.html too.
Some major search engines allow an asterisk (*) as a wildcard to match any sequence of characters and a dollar sign ($) to match the end of the URL, e.g., '/*.jpg$' can be used to match all jpeg files.
You can optionally cache the generation of the robots.txt. Add or change the ROBOTS_CACHE_TIMEOUT setting with a value in seconds in your Django settings file:
ROBOTS_CACHE_TIMEOUT = 60*60*24
This tells Django to cache the robots.txt for 24 hours (86400 seconds). The default value is None (no caching).
- Fixed compatibility to Django 1.7 and 1.8.
- Moved South migrations into different subdirectory so South>=1.0 is needed.
- BACKWARDS-INCOMPATIBLE change: The default behaviour of this app has changed to allow all bots from the previous opposite behavior.
- Fixed some backward compatibility issues.
- Updated existing translations (Danish, German, French, Portugese (Brasil), Russian).
- Added Greek, Spanish (Spain), Japanese, Dutch, Slovak and Ukrainian translations.
- Fixed compatibility with Django 1.5. Thanks, Russell Keith-Magee.
- Fixed argument signature in new class based view. Thanks, mkai.
Deprecated ROBOTS_SITEMAP_URL setting. Use ROBOTS_SITEMAP_URLS instead.
Refactored rule_list view to be class based. django-robots now requires Django >= 1.3.
Stop returning 404 pages if there are no Rules setup on the site. Instead dissallow access for all robots.
Added an initial South migration. If you’re using South you have to “fake” the initial database migration:
python manage.py migrate --fake robots 0001
Added initial Sphinx docs.
Bugs and feature requests
As always your mileage may vary, so please don’t hesitate to send feature requests and bug reports: